Against the Galileans FROM OTHER SOURCES



1. Such things have often happened and still happen, and how can these be signs of the end of the world?[Matthew 24. 3-14]
(Neumann frag. 3; from Julian, Book 2, derived from Cyril, Book 12. Quoted by Theodorus, bishop of Mopsuestia, in his Commentary on the New Testament. Neumann thinks that Theodorus probably wrote a refutation of Julian at Antioch about 378 A.D.)

2. Moses after fasting forty days received the law [ Exodus 31. 18], and Elijah, after fasting for the same period, was granted to see God face to face [ 1 Kings 19. 9]. But what did Jesus receive, after a fast of the same length?[ Matthew 4. 2]
(Neumann frag. 4; from the same source as 1.)

3. And how could he lead Jesus to the pinnacle of the Temple when Jesus was in the wilderness?[Matthew 4. 5]
(Neumann frag. 6. From the same source as 1 and 2.)

4. Furthermore, Jesus prays in such language as would be used by a pitiful wretch who cannot bear misfortune with serenity, and though he is a god is reassured by an angel. And who told you, Luke, the story of the angel, if indeed this ever happened? For those who were there when he prayed could not see the angel; for they were asleep. Therefore when Jesus came from his prayer he found them fallen asleep from their grief and he said: Why do ye sleep? Arise and pray, and so forth. And then, And while he was yet speaking, behold a multitude and Judas [ Luke 22. 42-47]. That is why John did not write about the angel, for neither did he see it.
(Neumann frag. 7. From the same source as 3.)

5. Listen to a fine statesmanlike piece of advice: Sell that ye have and give to the poor; provide yourselves with bags which wax not old.[Luke 12. 33] Can anyone quote a more statesmanlike ordinance than this? For if all men were to obey you who would there be to buy? Can anyone praise this teaching when, if it be carried out, no city, no nation, not a single family will hold together? For, if everything has been sold, how can any house or family be of any value? Moreover the fact that if everything in the city were being sold at once there would be no one to trade is obvious, without being mentioned.
(Neumann, frag. 12. From Cyril, Book 18, quoted by Photius.)

6. How did the Word of God take away sin [ John 1. 3. 5], when it caused many to commit the sin of killing their fathers, and many their children?[ Matthew 10. 21] And mankind are compelled either to uphold their ancestral customs and to cling to the pious tradition that they have inherited from the ages or to accept this innovation. Is not this true of Moses also, who came to take away sin, but has been detected increasing the number of sins?[ Leviticus 16]
(Not in Neumann; reconstructed by him from the polemical writings of Archbishop Arethas of Caesarea who wrote in refutation of Julian in the tenth century. First published by Cuinont, Recherches sur la tradition manuscrite de l`empereur Julien, Brussels, 1898. Neumann`s reconstruction is in Theologische Litteraturzeitung, 10. 1899.)

7. The words that were written concerning Israel[ Hosea 11. 1] Matthew the Evangelist transferred to Christ [Matthew 2. 15], that he might mock the simplicity of those of the Gentiles who believed.
(Neumann frag. 15. Preserved by the fifth century writer Hieronymus in his Latin Commentary on Hosea 3. 11.)

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